Spine consists of vertebras. If the vertebras are displaced and the spinal nerve roots are irritated, pain and lower limb numbness would be reported, and more severe symptoms like sciatica, incontinence and lower limb muscles atrophy would be encountered.
Back pain is leading cause of disability worldwide and is one of the most common reasons for missed work. Back pain can be the result of injuries or accidents but sometimes even a simple movement, like bending forward to tie your shoes, can lead to pain. Conditions such as arthritis and obesity can cause or exacerbate back pain.
Symptoms range from a dull ache to a stabbing or shooting sensation. The pain may make it hard to move or stand up straight. Acute back pain comes on suddenly, often after an injury from sports or heavy lifting. Pain that lasts more than three months is considered chronic. Chronic back pain usually caused by improper posture or trauma.
For example, heavy lifting with trunk forward bending posture. Long term high-heeled shoes wearing, obesity and improper sitting posture would also give rise to the development of back pain. If your pain is not better within 72 hours, you should consult a doctor.
Pain and repetitive strain injuries are extremely common if workstations are not set up ergonomically, forcing workers to work with unnatural posture for an extended period of time. Long working hours with unnatural postures can lead to high muscle tension. If the situation deteriorates, workers will feel pain beginning from the shoulder into the neck. Headaches might also occur later, which can indicate cervical spine misalignments. If there is osteophyte (bone spur) growth and nerve roots are irritated or compressed, pain and numbness will emerge along the upper limbs. Dizziness, photophobia and muscle atrophy can develop in severe cases.
Literatures compare the effects of different treatment methods, including medications, electrical therapy, surgical operations, acupuncture and spinal adjustments. Results show that the treatment effect of spinal adjustment is the best and the most long-lasting.
To help Spine and Physiotherapist diagnose the source of back pain, be specific in describing the type of pain, when it started, related symptoms, and any history of chronic conditions. Your Spine and Physiotherapist may order X-rays or MRI scans to look for damaged bones or discs, or other injuries to the spine.
Spine and Physiotherapist use spinal manipulation to treat low back pain by applying pressure with their hands to bones and surrounding tissues. For some cases, short wave diathermy, heat treatment, lumbar traction, interferential therapy would be used for muscle relaxation and symptomatic relief. And also the Spine and Physiotherapy F & D 3D spinal traction machine can apply traction force, releases and twisting force on the spine, help fix the spinal displacement.