The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body, formed by spinal nerve roots L4, L5, S1, S2, and S3. Irritation of the sciatic nerve can lead to pain that radiates from your low back to your buttock and down the back of your leg. Some people with sciatica will experience numbness, tingling or muscle weakness.
Sciatic Pain may be caused by prolapsing intervertebral disc, osteophytes or intervertebral foramen stenosis would cause compression on the nerve roots. In addition, sports injury, repetitive motions and improper posture would also give rise to sciatic pain.
Sciatic nerve first goes down through the buttock, and then its branches extend down the back of the leg to the ankle and foot. The sciatic pain over lumbar region, usually with numbness sensation along the hip region and radiates down to the leg. Symptoms would be aggravated by coughing and sneezing.
For severe cases, complications like absence of lower limb reflexes and muscle atrophy would exist. For chronic cases, conditions would deteriorate and develop Cauda-equina Syndrome which may cause incontinence.
The type of Spine and Physiotherapy therapy provided depends on the cause of the patient's sciatica. A sciatica treatment plan may include several different treatments such as ice therapies, ultrasound, TENS, and spinal adjustments.
Spinal adjustments free restricted movement of the spine and helps to restore misaligned vertebral bodies to their proper position in the spinal column. Spinal adjustment helps to reduce nerve irritability responsible for causing inflammation, muscle spasm, pain, and other symptoms related to sciatica.
Most sciatica patients feel better after receiving Spine and Physiotherapy treatment for a few weeks or a few months later. Of course, different effects depending on the patient's different circumstances, it is recommended to have a regularly spinal check in every six months.